madame curie biography in English | The life story of madame curie

maidam curie

We find very few examples in history when a woman has done wonders in the field of science as well.

¹ (370 AD -418 AD) was probably the first woman in the world, a great mathematician. At the Academy of Alexandria she taught philosophy of Aristotle and Aflatoon and wrote commentaries on the mathematics of Apollonius and Diophantus. But the insane public burned him alive in front of the church.

Macis Emily to Chatley (1706–1749) translated Newton's Principia from Latin into French and wrote the commentary.

The Italian-born Mary Agnesi (1718–1799) was also a high-quality mathematician. Marie Lande (born 1768, Paris) assisted her brother and husband in mathematical research. Mary Somerville (1780–1877) was a resident of England and wrote several books on physics and astronomy. Sophie Garamile (1776–1831) was awarded the Napoleon Prize of the Academy of Sciences of Paris in 1808 for scientific research.

Russian mathematician Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850–1891) holds a prominent position in the history of science. While there is a question of life-struggle, there is more commonality between Kyrie and Kovalevskaya.

Yet Madame Curie holds the highest position. Today's Atomic Power-era begins with the discovery of Curie. Today, the term 'radio activity' has become easy and accessible to every person in the educated society, but the natural action which is realized by this word was first discovered by the Curie-couple. In the field of Physics and Chemistry, in the field of Medicine, in agriculture, this discovery has done a lot of useful and profitable work. In the greatest inventions of the last hundred years, we can give 'radio activity' an important and respected place.

Manya Skodowska (Madame Curie) was born in Poland. Poland was ruled by the Tsar of Russia at that time. Manya's father was a physics teacher at Vasa High School and mother was a musician. Manya got the wisdom of the father and showed competence in experimental science from childhood with mother.

Manya Jaw was only ten years old, her mother died. The father was removed from the post of teacher due to his anti-jarring views. As if the mountain broke on the family. Giving food to four healthy bodies, arranging clothes for four growing bodies, and teaching four sharp intellects was beyond the limits of father's power. He saw his remaining property in many trades, but to no avail.

Like fathers, children also had hatred for jarshahi. On the way to Manya's school, there was a stone statue of a pro-Jarshahi but traitorous Poland resident. Manya's rule was that she would spit once on that statue while going to school. If someday she would move from the original, she would return and fulfill her rule when remembered. He did not even worry at that time that he would be late for school because of his return.

This little Lakshmibai not only indirectly, but also directly, revealed her hatred towards Jarshahi. One of her teachers, Yi Kumari Meyer, was very irritated with the girls of the Skodovska family. But Manya never paid him to give a very favorable answer. Despite all this, Manya attained the gold medal in the high school examination.

Manya's elder sister Bronya wanted to go to Paris for higher education. Manya had the same wish. But his father's financial situation was not such that he could send him to study there. In such a situation, Manya gave me, "As long as you keep studying, I will help you by doing a job and when your studies are over, you help me plan was strange, still successful. Manya's teacher work in family families She continued to study, and Bronya studied in Paris. After graduating in medicine, Bronya married one of her classmates. Now it was Manya's turn.

Manya entered Sarbonne (campus) University. He was 23 at the time. He chose science subjects for himself. In class, she would always sit forward and disappear as soon as the lecture was over. "Despite having beautiful hair, attractive eyes and a beautiful and healthy body, she does not talk to anyone," all the university students said.

He lived the life of a ascetic for four years. He did not rent a small room on the sixth floor in Paris's Latin Powers. There was neither a good lighting arrangement nor water heating facility in the room. She would spend her day on bread, butter and tea. Even during the days of Kadi Sardi, she used to work with little coal and even after the fire was detected, she would keep it in her math books. He hid all his sufferings from his sister. But from one student to Bronya's husband Kasimir of the status of Manya. When he was satisfied, he came to him. Manya was engaged in studies.

"What did you eat today?"

Manya looked up smiling- "Today? I don't remember!"

"No, man, you have to tell. Tell me what you did today

Ate.? "

"Oh, Cherifle - and everything."

Finally Manya had to tell. She was land for the last twenty-four hours. Against his will, Kasimir took her to his home. For a few days Bronya served the news of Manya. She then returned to her old place.

His world was limited to mirf books. He studied physics, chemistry, mathematics, poetry, music, astronomy etc. seriously. He had a special interest in the experimental side of science. Manya received a master's degree in not one, but two subjects - in physics in 1893 and mathematics in 1894.

Manya returned to Paris after a short stay in Poland. Manya was betrayed once in love. So now in life he loved someone, only science.

At that time, a young scientist named Pierre Curie lived in Paris. He was thirty five years of age at that time. Pierre and Manya first met in a laboratory in 1894. In the first ment, both came close to each other. How pleasant it was for Pierre to hear scientific words and complex formulas from women and women.

A few months later, Pierre proposed marriage to Manya. But it was difficult for Manya to marry a Frenchman, leaving her country and family forever. For ten months Pierre had to wait for Manya's answer. Finally, they got married.

After marriage, he bought two bicycles from the gift money and they both set out on a tour of France.

The Curie-couple took a simple flat in Paris. Pierre refused to take the furniture given by his father. Books, two cruises, a long table and numerous books of science on this table, a lamp and a bunch of flowers - that was his study room.

Manya's health deteriorated in the second year of marriage. He had a baby in his stomach. She could not stand for her experiments. Even then, during the summer holidays, they started out on a cycle trip. Manya had an eight-month pregnancy in her stomach, yet she said that she does not feel tired. Pierre's view was that Manya is an extraordinary woman and human rules do not apply to her.

But soon the Curie-couple had to postpone their cycle journey. Returning to Paris, Manya gave birth to a beautiful girl. The girl was named Irene. Later, like his parents, Irene also received the Nobel Prize.

Generally, people have the same belief today, and perhaps it is a true belief that a woman who works for a man can neither be a successful wife nor a successful mother. But Manya proved this notion wrong. The question of choosing one of scientific and family life did not appear before him. She would do all the household work, take care of the baby girl and also work in the lab.

By 1897, Manya had received a fellowship. Now he had to prepare for the doctorate and for this, a new subject had to be studied. While choosing the topic, he turned his attention to the invention of Henri Bequerell. Becquerel discovered that some salts of uranium metal, on their own, continuously distributed some strange varieties of rays without being affected by light. If a mixture containing uranium metal is covered with black paper and placed on a photographic plate, it will make a mark on the plate. This amazing leela of nature, later going on, was called 'Radio Activity' by Kyrie.

Where this form of continuous exit in the form of radiation from uranium mixtures came from was an important question for research. The Curie-couple started working.

The problem of space for the lab came up. Finally, they found a warehouse-room. Curie quickly discovered that the mixture contained more powerful radiation than uranium and thorium. Where does this extra power come from? There must be some new powerful radiative element in the mixture. New element! But the proof of this? Pierre left his experiments and supported Manya. Two brains and four hands started searching for this new element.

Uranium was found in the raw metal called pitchblende. You can imagine the courage that was needed to separate this new element from the pitchblende, from the fact that the share of this new element in the pitchblende was only one in a million. But after eight years of hard work, they discovered not only one, but two new elements. In July, 1898, he published his discovery. One element was named 'Polonium' after Manya's own country Poland and the other was 'Radium'.

But no one had seen radium yet. Nobody knew its virtue or religion.The Curie-couple had to work four more years to see these elements. He knew how to separate these elements from the mixture. But the question was to get a greater amount of pitchblende. Pichlande, which had 'polonium' and 'radium' hidden, was used to prepare uranium salts in Bohemia's mines. It was quite expensive, but according to Curie, the uranium was removed, even after the removal of polonium and radium. He received this remaining part of Pichlavende, weighing a ton, from the Austrian government. From 1896 to 1902, he continued to work on this pitchblende. Finally, after 45 months of tireless work, he acquired radium - a decigram of pure radium.

This radium had many uses. It was considered necessary for the treatment of cancer. Many countries started making plans to prepare it - especially Belgium and the United States. But only the Curie couple knew the subtle and complex way of creating this amazing element.

The topic was discussed in a scientific husband and wife on a Sunday morning. Pierre received a letter from the American technicians.

Pierre said to Manya, "There are two ways. One is that we can reveal our method to the world without any benefit ..."

"Yes, definitely."

"Or we consider ourselves as 'master of radium'

Do it. "

Manya kept thinking for a few moments. Then he said, "It is impossible. To do so would be to pollute the science-temple. Physicists have always been publishing their inventions in full. If there is any commercial advantage to our discovery, it is a matter of coincidence. We should not benefit. And radium is being used to cure the disease, how can we benefit from it. " Pierre accepted her saying, "Tonight I will write a letter to those Americans and send them the necessary materials."

In June 1993, the Royal Society of London invited Pierre to give a lecture on radium. The whole of London wanted to visit these birthplace radians. The same year the Royal Society honored Pierre and Marie with the famous Dewey Medal.

On 10 December, Sweden's Science Academy announced the Nobel Prize for the Curie-Couple. Henry Bequerell was also a participant in the award.

After receiving the Nobel Prize, there was a lot of discussion around the Curie couple. A pile of telegrams piled up on Mary's table. Thousands of people started taking his signature and pictures. But this caused unrest in Curie's quiet life. In the summer of 1904, Mary wrote - "Always the crowds! People are interrupting our work. Now I have decided that I will not meet any visitor. Still they bother me . Our lives have been chaotic due to honor and fame. Our peaceful and busy lives have been completely destroyed. "

Is a time event. The Curie family lived in a countryside. An American reporter found Curie-couple and reached them. On reaching the cottage, he saw an unsympathetic Tarun woman sitting near the door. "

"Are you the maid of this house?"


"Are the mistresses inside?"

"No, she has gone out." |

"Will she return soon?"

"No, don't expect to return soon."

"Can you tell me something about your mistress?"

"Nothing. Yes, I can give you a message that Madam has tasked me to tell the reporters. Be less curious about people's lives, be curious only about their thoughts."

On July 3, 1905, Pierre was admitted to the academy. Meanwhile, Sarbon invited him as Professor of Physics. But still his desire for a systematic laboratory was not fulfilled. On April 14, 1906, Pierre wrote - "Madame Curie and I are working together." These words were written five days before her date of death — April 19, 1906. On April 19, 1906 she became part of the Signs faculty Returning from a banquet given by the professors. It was raining. While crossing the road he came under a horse cart and died instantly.

When Manya received this sad news, after remaining silent for a long time, her lips shook - "Pierre is dead! He is dead! He is dead!"

Manya's spouse got separated from her. The joy of his life was taken away from him, but his work continued the same.
After Pierre's death, Manya wanted to pay a pension, but she declined the pension, saying, "I don't want a pension. I am healthy enough to earn a living for myself and my children."

On May 13, 1906, the Council of Science Faculty unanimously elected Madame Curie to replace Pierre. This was the first opportunity to place a woman in a higher education institution.

Madame Curie was again awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911. Till date no award has been given to any man or woman.

Madame Curie continued to work till the last days of her life. He had a close relationship with Radium for 35 consecutive years. For four years of the war time, the rays of radium had a great impact on his body. But Curie didn't mind the mild fever.

In May 1934, she had to lie down on the bed and then could not get up from the bed. The cause of his death was radium. Madam Curie died on 6 July 1934. He was buried alongside.

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